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Year 2005 No. 73, May 23, 2005 ARCHIVE HOME JBBOOKS SUBSCRIBE

Heroic Resistance for Independence, Democracy and Reunification

Workers' Daily Internet Edition: Article Index :

Heroic resistance for independence, democracy and reunification

Pro-Reunification Patriotic Organisations Issue Joint Statement

Continued US Provocations against Korea:
US Must Disarm Now!

Kwangju Residents Protest Deployment of Updated Patriot Missiles

People of South Korea Demand that US Renounce Plan for Pre-emptive Attack on DPRK

Condemn the US Nuclear War Scenario

Rice's Vituperation against DPRK Refuted

The Ballad of Kwangju

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Heroic Resistance for Independence, Democracy and Reunification

The people of Kwangju, south Korea, rose up against the then military dictatorship on May 18, 1980.

The south Korean junta had extended martial law throughout the whole of south Korea on May 17, 1980, and set about a wholesale crackdown on the democratic forces.

The following day, students and citizens of Kwangju turned out onto the streets, shouting such slogans as "Lift martial law", "Enforce democratic reforms" and "Establish a democratic government". As broad sections of the people in suburban Kwangju joined the demonstration, the uprising swelled to hundreds of thousands. They demanded the end of the US-sponsored military dictatorship of General Chun Doo Hwan. The popular insurrection grew in strength for a number of days.

However, the then US government under President Jimmy Carter was directly involved in crushing the uprising. It was at the instigation of the US that the south Korean military junta dispatched 70,000 armed forces comprising paratroops, army divisions, armoured units and air force corps armed with tanks, armoured vehicles, aircraft and missiles to suppress the uprising. The armed forces killed more than 5,000 people and wounded some 14,000.

On May 22, the US held a National Security Council meeting to take steps to render military assistance to the south Korean junta. The US commander of the south Korea-US Combined Forces gave consent to the request of the south Korean government for the mobilisation of south Korean troops under his operational command. The then US ambassador to south Korea admitted that he approved the transfer of punitive forces to Kwangju.

Meanwhile, the US put over 40,000 troops in south Korea on alert, dispatched warships and the aircraft carriers Coral Sea and Midway to the territorial waters of south Korea and put into operation AWACS to back up and mastermind the mass killings in Kwangju.

The legacy of the Kwangju uprising, that heroic historical feat of the Korean people to democratise their country, has been the movement to rid the Korean peninsula of US military occupation, to re-unify the country and secure peace for Korea and the world.

The US imperialists are today redeploying their troops in south Korea in accordance with their "new military strategy in preparation for war". The military equipment brought into south Korea amounts to $13 billion. The US has replaced the military equipment of its troops in south Korea with the latest offensive weapons newly developed or tested in actual warfare in Afghanistan and Iraq. Last year alone, scores of new-type M1-A1 Abrams tanks equipped with a digital control system and laser weapons were deployed near the Military Demarcation Line. Besides, GBU-28 laser-guided bombs which can destroy underground shelters and combined direct-hit shells called smart bombs were brought to US military bases, and F-117 stealth fighter-bombers and a battalion of F-15E fighter-bombers were flown into south Korea.

The US imperialists constantly deploy a flotilla of aircraft carriers and also up-to-date Aegis destroyers on the East Sea of Korea and the seas around Japan. At the same time, they have conducted war exercises in preparation for invasion.

Facts have shown that without putting an end to foreign interference and ridding the Korean peninsula of the US military occupation, it is impossible for the Korean people to secure independence and democracy and reunify their country.

Article Index

Pro-Reunification Patriotic Organisations Issue Joint Statement

The Korean Central News Agency reported on May 19 that a gathering of more than 30 pro-reunification patriotic organisations from the north and south of Korea and from overseas made public a joint statement on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the Kwangju People's Uprising, urging the US to stop posing a war threat and demanding the withdrawal of its forces. Signatories included the National Reconciliation Council, the South Side's Headquarters and the Overseas Headquarters of the National Alliance for the Country's Reunification. The organisations noted that the US forces have ruthlessly trampled upon the Korean nation's sovereignty and national rights, keeping south Korea under their occupation for 60 years.

In addition, the joint statement declared that: "It is the requirement and wishes of the Koreans to build a reunified country independently and peacefully, free from the US forces. The achievements made in the efforts to achieve the national unity over the last five years since the publication of the June 15 joint declaration clearly indicate that the Koreans desire peace and reunification and if they pool their strength, they can surely build a rich and prosperous reunified country."

To this end, the following demands were made: 

1. That the United States should admit and publicly apologise for approving and orchestrating the bloody crackdown upon the Kwangju resistance fighters who rose up to put an end to the military fascist dictatorship and win democracy, independence and reunification. It must also apologise for supporting the Chun Doo Hwan military dictatorial regime 25 years ago. 

2. That the US renounce all the war scenarios on the Korean Peninsula, drop its unilateral assertion that the DPRK scrap its nuclear programme first before coming out for the six-party talks for achieving peace and improving the relations. 

3. That the US must retract bellicose remarks that a war might be launched without a prior consultation any moment and immediately negotiate for denuclearisation and disarmament in order to achieve lasting peace in Korea. 

4. That the US forces' presence in south Korea is a wanton violation of the Armistice Agreement and is a source of war. The US should immediately enter into political negotiations aimed at effectuating the pullout of its forces from south Korea and replacing the AA by a lasting peace agreement.

The joint declaration ended by affirming that national reconciliation, cooperation and unity are the immediate tasks to bring peace, independence and reunification by the concerted efforts of all Koreans, and called on them to abide by the three principles of independence, peaceful reunification and great national unity, remaining true to the idea of "By our nation itself."

Article Index

Continued US Provocations against Korea:

US Must Disarm Now!

Voice of Revolution*, May 8, 2005

President George W Bush and his cabinet continue to make one provocation after another against the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK). The actions are greatly increasing the danger of yet another aggressive US war against the Korean people. They include positioning more nuclear weapons in south Korea and war plans that put the US military in command in south Korea. President Bush is now stepping up the provocations. Having already branded the DPRK as part of an "axis of evil" along with Iraq and Iran, he utilised Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice to threaten the DPRK, saying that if it does not submit, the US will use the issue of nuclear weapons to demand that the UN Security Council act against the DPRK. Rice also branded the DPRK as an "outpost of tyranny". How can the Koreans be expected to sit down for talks with the US under such circumstances?

It is also well-known that Bush, in his State of the Union address, promised to use the full power of the US to "eliminate tyranny". Branding the DPRK in this way is a very clear statement that the US will use military force. The attacks on the DPRK also make clear that what Bush calls "tyranny" is the refusal of other countries, like the DPRK and Cuba and Iran and Venezuela, to bow down to US dictate. Just days after Rice's slanders, in a press conference on April 28, Bush personally attacked the leader of the DPRK, Kim Jong Il, saying he is a "dangerous person". Directly slandering him as well as the DPRK, Bush added, referring to whether the DPRK can deliver a nuclear weapon, "We don't know if he can or not, but I think it's best, when you're dealing with a tyrant like Kim Jong Il, to assume he can."

Bush also made clear that in addition to trying to force the Koreans to submit, another aim in fabricating a threat from the DPRK is to justify continued spending on a missile defence system. The system is notorious for costing billions, failing to work, and still being far from functional. Bush said that "[Defence] Secretary Rumsfeld has worked with Congress to set up a missile defence system. And we're in the process of getting that missile defence system up and running. One of the reasons why I thought it was important to have a missile defence system is for precisely the reason that you brought up: Perhaps Kim Jong Il has got the capacity to launch a weapon; wouldn't it be nice to be able to shoot it down?"

In a situation where the US has a massive arsenal of nuclear weapons, where it is the only country to use them, twice, where it claims to have "global freedom of action" to use pre-emptive military force anywhere, anytime and with Bush's reiteration that, "Like I've said before, all options, of course, are on the table", the DPRK, like any other country, has every right to develop nuclear weapons as a deterrent. It equally has the right to test them. It is also fully justified in refusing to engage in talks with the US in the face of such repeated provocations. All the more so when Bush claims he supports a "nuclear-free Korean peninsula" while bringing more nuclear weapons into south Korea. The US has by far the largest arsenal of nuclear weapons on the Korean peninsula and in the region and refuses to remove them.

Bush also spoke about the six-way talks between the US, DPRK, Republic of Korea, China, Japan and Russia. These talks have been disrupted as a result of the continuing US provocations. Bush spoke of US efforts to use China and Russia against the Koreans. Referring to Rice's claim that the US will go to the UN Security Council, Bush said the US will continue with diplomacy if it can achieve consensus, especially with China and Russia. He added, "After all, some of the parties in the process have got the capacity to veto a U.N. Security Council resolution." He also said that while it is "best to consult" with participants in the talks to achieve the results the US wants diplomatically, "all options, of course, are on the table". The continued provocations and war preparations are clear indications that the US will very likely use military force.

The DPRK has said it will not use nuclear weapons offensively and that it is arming itself so as to defend itself against US aggression. Korea has not carried out aggression against anyone. It has not committed war crimes against anyone. It has stood up against the US, carried forward on its own path, and fought for the reunification of Korea, all important contributions to peace.

It is the US that has a long and criminal record of invasions, occupations and aggression against other countries, including the 1950-53 war against Korea and the forcible division of the country. It is the US who says it will use nuclear weapons first and who is building new nuclear weapons. It is the US who refuses to sign a non-aggression pact with the DPRK as a clear sign of its readiness to solve the problems peacefully.

The problem now is not that the DPRK has nuclear weapons. The problem, for Koreans, Iraqis, and the world's peoples is that US imperialism is striving for world domination and is prepared to launch nuclear war to get it. As the May Day actions in New York made clear, Americans stand with the world's peoples in demanding that the US Disarm Now!

No US Troops Abroad!

* Voice of Revolution is a publication of the US Marxist-Leninist Organisation.

Article Index

Kwangju Residents Protest Deployment of Updated Patriot Missiles

Thousands of south Korean university students and activists took part in a mass demonstration on May 15 to protest the deployment of US Patriot missiles, a south Korean news agency reported. The US deployed two upgraded Patriot anti-air missile batteries in the south-western city of Kwangju in November as part of its $11-billion "force improvement programme". The move drew strong protests from Kwangju residents who are concerned about an expansion of the US military presence in the city.

Some 3,000 protesters scuffled with police after tearing apart barbed-wire barriers while trying to get onto the base of the South Korean Air Force's 1st Fighter Wing in Kwangju where the new US missiles are being deployed, witnesses said. In an attempt to suppress the demonstrators, police increased security around the military base and used water cannons to disperse the crowd.

Article Index

People of South Korea Demand that US Renounce Plan for Pre-emptive Attack on DPRK

The "National People's Solidarity" of south Korea reportedly made public a statement on May 18: "The US must immediately renounce the plan for pre-emptive attack on the north". The statement recalled that the Washington Post on May 16 disclosed the Bush administration's operation plan, which calls for air raids on the DPRK's nuclear facilities, the neutralisation of communication network by cyber-attack, the seizure of nuclear facilities through the infiltration of a special unit into the north and even a pre-emptive nuclear attack on it.

What merits a serious attention is that the operation plan, a more specific version of the strategy for pre-emptive nuclear attack, is in the process of its implementation, the statement said, adding: "This shows to the world once again who is chiefly responsible for the danger of a war on the Korean Peninsula."

The statement demanded the US immediately drop its plan for a pre-emptive attack on the north and stop its moves for a war.

Article Index

Condemn the US Nuclear War Scenario

Korean Central News Agency, May 21, 2005

The US has become all the more outspoken recently in its call for pre-empting a nuclear attack on the DPRK. NBC said recently that last year the Pentagon worked out a plan for pre-emptive air raids aimed to destroy the nuclear facilities in the DPRK.

The plan for intercepting missiles to be launched by the DPRK before getting the president's approval was reported to have been in the pipeline. Timed to coincide with this, outbursts that the three services of the US forces have been braced for a pre-emptive nuclear attack operation are heard from among Pentagon brass.

All this indicates that the US preparations for a pre-emptive nuclear attack have already gone beyond the danger line.

The US has long pushed forward pre-emptive nuclear attack operation plans since they were drawn up on the sly.

As early as in 1974 the US came up with "OPLAN 5027" calling for hurling aggression troops on its mainland into south Korea to join other American troops there and south Korean forces to pre-empt an attack on the DPRK in case of emergency. The plan has since undergone a biannual modification and supplement.

In 1991 the US conducted mock A-bomb dropping exercises inside a US military base. From Jan. to Jun. 1998 it had carried out mock nuclear warhead dropping exercises simulating an air delivery of 30 nuclear weapons from an air base in North Carolina to the sky above the DPRK.

In 2002 the US reinforced "OPLAN 5027" with a clause calling for pre-empting an attack on key military facilities in the DPRK without the consent of south Korea. Last March it staged madcap war exercises against the DPRK after introducing an aircraft carrier and an assault nuclear submarine. The preparations for a pre-emptive nuclear attack against the DPRK stepped up by Washington in the wake of its drafting of a series of nuclear war scenarios have pushed the situation on the Korean Peninsula close to a war.

The reality proves once again it is none other than the US that has harassed peace and stability on the Korean Peninsula and it is the arch nuclear criminal that may bring a nuclear disaster to the region.

Even at this moment it is talking about a "peaceful solution" to the nuclear issue on the peninsula and the resumption of the six-party talks. Yet, it has stepped up the preparations for a nuclear war to stifle the DPRK by force behind the scene.

The US pays lip service to the "diplomatic settlement of the nuclear issue" while contemplating mounting a pre-emptive attack on the DPRK any moment under the pretext of a "missile threat" and is nothing but a mockery and insult to the international community.

Should the US truly stand for peace on the Korean Peninsula and peaceful solution to the nuclear issue, it should renounce its hostile policy toward the DPRK and cancel its nuclear war scenarios targeting the DPRK.

Article Index

Rice's Vituperation against DPRK Refuted

A spokesman for the DPRK Ministry of Foreign Affairs on May 14 gave the following answer to a question by Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) regarding a string of vituperation let loose again by US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice against the DPRK:

Rice in her appearance on a CNN chat on May 12 let loose a spate of sophism that the DPRK violated the 1994 DPRK-US Agreed Framework even before the ink of its signature to the agreement was dry, and asserted that its system is a "terrible regime" and it should be "reformed".

As far as the DPRK system is concerned, it is the true socialist system of Korean style which was chosen by the Korean people themselves and has been built up by them. Its nature remains unchanged no matter how malignantly Rice defiles it.

Rice's reckless remarks exposed that her loudmouthed recognition of the DPRK as a "sovereign state" and the like were nothing but a ruse to conceal the US attempt at "bringing down the regime" of the DPRK and mislead public opinion.

While talking about the "peaceful settlement" of the nuclear issue, Rice did not forget to make threatening remarks that the US still has all options on the table and keeps strong deterrent against the DPRK.

This fully revealed the US attempt at a military invasion of the DPRK as it is quite different from the Bush group's oft-repeated utterances that the US has "no intention to invade" the DPRK.

The Bush group is the world's infamous tyrannical regime that should be radically reformed and changed. No one can deny that various parts of the world have turned into seas of blood and it has become turbulent since Bush's neo-conservative group came to power.

It was none other than the Bush administration that scrapped the DPRK-US Agreed Framework. We would like to cite some instances proving how it did.

The DPRK fully implemented all its commitments such as freezing all its nuclear activities and perfectly ensuring the surveillance by IAEA inspectors according to the AF.

But the Bush administration had not properly honoured its commitments under the AF but acted diametrically contrary to it right after it came to power.

Paragraph 1 of the AF commits the US to providing light water reactors (LWR) to the DPRK by 2003. But only the groundwork had been carried out for their construction in ten years.

Under this paragraph the US is also obliged to deliver heavy fuel oil to the DPRK every year until the construction of LWRs is completed. But it totally suspended this supply after inventing the rumour about the nonexistent "enriched uranium programme" of the DPRK.

Paragraph 2 calls on the DPRK and the US to go in for fully normalising the bilateral political and economic relations. The US, however, had persistently pursued its hostile policy and economic embargo and, worse still, listed the DPRK as part of "an axis of evil".

Paragraph 3 commits the US to giving its formal assurances that it will neither use nukes nor pose any nuclear threat to the DPRK. But, it designated the DPRK as a "target of pre-emptive nuclear attack", far from offering such assurances.

Paragraph 4 requires the DPRK to accept nuclear inspection after the US full delivery of non-nuclear parts, including LWR turbines and generators.

Nevertheless, the US had never honoured any of its commitments but put pressure upon the DPRK to accept the nuclear inspection. In the long run, all the paragraphs of the DPRK-US Agreed Framework had been scrapped due to the US non-compliance with all its promises for ten years and what it called "enriched uranium programme" cooked up by it to evade its responsibility for the non-compliance with them.

This truth has been recognised by anyone with intelligence and reason.

All the remarks by Rice prove that she is either a woman ignorant of the DPRK-US history or a brazenfaced liar.

We cannot but be confused by such incoherent remarks made by the secretary of State of the "superpower".

Call a spade a spade.

(Korean Central News Agency, May 14, 2005)

Article Index

The Ballad of Kwangju

The following song was written to commemorate the heroic people of Kwangju who rose up in May 1980 against the US-installed military dictatorship of Chun Doo Hwan. It was written 30 years after end of the Korean War (1950-53).

* * *

Your country's land is divided, foreign troops upon your soil;
Martial law and police powers keep the traitors in control,
Promises of changes coming swirl like fog in the morning's sun,
But when you demand your freedom, the answer is the tyrant's gun.

Like a crack in the prison wall,
Like the rays of dawn when night is through,
A defiant cry from the torture cell Kwangju!

Your workers slave for foreign masters, making things they cannot own;
Farmers plant the seed of life but cannot eat what they have grown;
All this wealth could feed your children but it's owned by US banks;
And when you demand your birthright; you are met with US tanks.

Thirty years a divided country, thirty years of fascist rule;
Thirty years of foreign soldiers; seven days of free Kwangju.
Now the generals fiercely tremble at your name, a fearful sound;
But it is a battle cry to workers of the world around!

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