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Year 2005 No. 78, June 15, 2005 ARCHIVE HOME JBBOOKS SUBSCRIBE

US Provocations against the Democratic People's Republic of Korea Cannot Be Allowed to Succeed

Workers' Daily Internet Edition: Article Index :

US Provocations against the Democratic People's Republic of Korea Cannot Be Allowed to Succeed

North East England Meeting to Mark the Historic North South Declaration, 2000

Letter of RCPB(ML) to Kim Jong Il on the 15th Anniversary of the Adoption of the North-South Joint Declaration

Letter of RCPB(ML) to Kim Jong Il on the 41st Anniversary of the Start of His Work at the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea

KCNA Condemns US Attempt at "Regime Change" in DPRK

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US Provocations against the Democratic People's Republic of Korea Cannot Be Allowed to Succeed

In recent weeks, members of the Bush administration have been issuing one threat after another against the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK). Various statements by US President George W Bush, Vice-President Dick Cheney, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and Defence Secretary Donald Rumsfeld are preparing public opinion for a US military attack on the DPRK.

The US is using brinkmanship and disinformation concerning the "nuclear issue" on the Korean peninsula. It is threatening that either the DPRK return to the six-party talks or it will take the matter to the United Nations Security Council.

It is not the DPRK but the US which poses the nuclear threat on the Korean peninsula and on a world scale. It is the height of hypocrisy and deception to suggest otherwise, as is proved by the recently released National Defence Strategy by the US Defence Department which calls for "pre-emptive" nuclear attack. Meanwhile, the US is engaged in an arms build-up in south Korea, recently deploying 15 F-117 Stealth fighter bombers with 250 maintenance personnel, deploying missiles capable of penetrating underground and preparing for the creation of a "rapid task force".

The DPRK has consistently and justly stated that if the US intends to peacefully settle the nuclear issue through dialogue, it should retract its remarks calling the DPRK an "outpost of tyranny" and part of an "axis of evil". The US is the biggest developer and possessor of nuclear weapons, and has refused to ratify the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and has stepped up the development and production of new nuclear weapons.

The solution of the nuclear issue between the DPRK and the US is still delayed due to the deadlock of the six-party talks. The Bush administration attempts to create the impression that it is not the US but the DPRK that is accountable for this situation. In this regard, Rodong Sinmun, newspaper of the Workers’ Party of Korea, carried an article on June 10 which pointed out: "This is a wicked act of falsifying truth and profound confusing of right and wrong. The US is chiefly to blame for the nuclear issue between the DPRK and the US."

The article continued: "The hostile US policy toward the DPRK is a stumbling block lying in the way of settling the nuclear issue. If the US truly wants to settle the issue, it should make a switchover from its hostile policy toward the DPRK to a policy of peaceful co-existence between them."

The working class and people must stand as one with the Korean people in not allowing these provocations of the US imperialists against the DPRK to succeed. As a component part of this stand, it is imperative to oppose the role of the British government which attempts to provide "justifications" for the brutal threats of the US and its moves to heighten tension on the Korean peninsula and sabotage the growing movement for the reunification of the nation, through slanders and disinformation on the so-called "human rights issue" in the DPRK.

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North East England Meeting to Mark the Historic North South Declaration, 2000

WDIE North East Correspondent

On Thursday, May 26th, 2005, the Society for Friendship with Korea Northern Region (SFKNR) hosted a meeting in Newcastle University Union on the North South Declaration, 2000 to unify Korea and a question and answer session on the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK). Visiting the North East for the first time, the guest speakers were Ha Sin Guk, Second Secretary of the Embassy of the DPRK in London, and Mr Ri Kwang Nam. Attending the meeting were invited guests from a broad range of organisations and movements of the working class and people in the region.

Roger Nettleship chairing the meeting gave a warm welcome to the Korean guests and to the participants and he referred to the significance of the 5th anniversary of the North South Declaration, 2000 for the Korean people as a whole, the anniversary of which is to take place on June 15. He spoke about the attempts by the US supported by Britain to block the process of peaceful re-unification of Korea and how this had culminated in open military threats, including that of pre-emptive nuclear strike, by the US against the DPRK. He said that the (SFKNR) along with democratic and progressive people demanded that the US withdraw it troops and nuclear weapons from the Korean peninsula and end its interference in the region.

He also spoke about other important anniversaries in the near future. On June 19 it will be the 41st anniversary of Kim Jong Il beginning his official work in the Central Committee of the Workers Party of Korea, and June 25 marks the 55th anniversary of the start of the Korean war with July 27 the 52nd anniversary of Victory Day and the signing of the armistice.

Secretary of the SFKNR Blanch Carpenter then gave a short intervention welcoming the Korean guests, and she outlined the development of the SFKNR, work for which started in 2000. She spoke briefly about her visit to the DPRK and how the reality of socialism in the DPRK and the warmth of the people was an inspiration to her. She mentioned the visit in 2002 to the North East of a delegation of the Korean Committee for Friendship With the British People, led by Pak Song Ok.

The Chair then invited Mr Ha Sin Guk to address the meeting. Mr Ha started by speaking about the establishment of diplomatic relations between Britain and the DPRK in 2001. He said that no one from the DPRK embassy had been to Newcastle before, or indeed to the North East – a very important area of England. He spoke about the visit in the afternoon to the Redhills miners Hall in Durham and its great importance in the history of the working class movement, and the rooms and banners that reflect how the workers have lived and campaigned to defend their rights, which has been central to the workers’ movement.

He then pointed out that because of the articles published in the newspapers many people misunderstand and mistrust the DPRK on nuclear issues and on human rights abuse, and are disinformed on the internal situation on the Korean peninsula. Therefore, he said, he would like to mention specific issues and then to give some answers to people’s questions.

Mr Ha said that June 15, 2000, was a very important occasion. This was the date of the historic meeting between Chairman Kim Jong Il and the former President Kim Dae-jung in Pyongyang. This, he said, declared the determination of the Korean people to unify their country by themselves peacefully and democratically, without interference from other forces, principally the US. Mr Ha said that all the Korean people were very excited by the fact that unification could come finally in our generation. After the June 15 declaration, very positive events have been happening. He said that there were all kinds of bi-lateral cabinet, ministerial, economic, cultural and other meetings. He said Korean families have been divided since the Korean war, and millions of people have not been able to meet their parents, sister or brothers and, even though they live in the north and south of Korea, they cannot exchange letters or telephone each other. It is a big national tragedy that because of the intervention in the Korean War, the people cannot meet each other. Therefore, he said, it is the entire Korean people’s natural desire to unify their country peacefully and democratically as soon as possible.

Mr Ha then said following September 11, and the Bush’s administrations declaration of a war on terrorism, George W Bush pinpointed the DPRK as part of an "axis of evil" and targeted it for pre-emptive nuclear strike. The first term of the Bush administration discouraged the South Korean authorities, so this did not bode well for the historic declaration due to this American intervention. In its second term, the Bush administration resumed the argument that the DPRK is once again an "outpost of tyranny". He said they do this even though they sometimes acknowledge the DPRK as a sovereign state demanding that they come to the table on the nuclear issue.

Speaking about the nuclear issue, Mr Ha said the DPRK was determined to solve this issue and had already declared that it wants to make the Korean peninsula nuclear free. He said the DPRK had already suspended uranium enrichment and the development of its nuclear programme for the talks. But the Bush administration has already destroyed the Framework Agreement which was signed between the US and the DPRK under the Clinton administration in 1994. In this agreement, the Americans had guaranteed to build Light Water Reactors to produce electricity in the DPRK, which in return would suspend and would finally destroy all its nuclear activities.

He said that in spite of their best efforts the DPRK had been unable to solve the nuclear issue, mainly because of the hostile policy of the US towards a sovereign country like the DPRK. So, he said, it was a very difficult prospect to solve this issue unless the Bush administration dropped their hostile policy towards the DPRK. Because of the rumours in the western world, especially in Britain because of the disinformation put out by the BBC and the newspapers, as well as in the US, North Korea is blamed for pushing to protect its nuclear weapons programme and other nuclear activities. Mr Ha pointed out that a sovereign country has the right to develop any kind of weapons, or forces, for its defence. When such a superpower as the US tries to destroy their country, a people cannot accept such a threat of nuclear war and they must have their own forces for deterrence and to defend their sovereignty and the system that they have chosen.

For centuries, Mr Ha said, Korea had been oppressed by other countries like Japan. In three years during the Korean war, the American side destroyed all of the country. So, he said, people’s feelings are very strong that they will never be occupied again and oppressed by foreign forces. Mr Ha said that the US still has 43,000 occupying troops in south Korea and more than 1,000 nuclear weapons stationed there. Therefore, the DPRK cannot live peacefully without any preparations or development of deterrent forces to confront the American threat. So, he said, the people of the DPRK are determined to defend their sovereign rights to fight against possible American intervention.

Mr Ha then stressed that whilst he wanted to clarify the background to the "nuclear issue", it is also the case that the DPRK is determined to make the Korean peninsula a nuclear free zone. He said, therefore, that if the circumstances are met and America drops its hostile policy and has genuine intentions to show us, to negotiate the fundamental issues on the Korean peninsula, the DPRK is ready to go to the table at any time, whatever the format of the negotiations. He said that the DPRK wants to solve the outstanding issues such as the nuclear issue and other related issues. He said that if the American side listens to our concerns we are also ready to listen to their concerns. If both sides trust each other and drop their suspicions and hostile policy then we think there are possibilities. He said that the DPRK has already shown in February 2005 that the country will defend itself against American nuclear threat and that it will not go to the six-party negotiations unless America has shown genuine intention to solve this issue.

Concluding his remarks, Mr Ha said that on the 5th anniversary of the historic joint North-South Declaration there will be meetings held in Pyongyang and Seoul, with celebrations in Pyongyang attended by representatives from authorities and organisations from north and south Korea and organisations from all over the world. He then pointed out that Kim Jong Il is the National Defence Commission Chairman of the DPRK, the leader who is guiding the party and country, and that June 19th is the 41st anniversary of the commencement of his work in the Central Committee of the Workers Party of Korea.

At the conclusion of Mr Ha’s remarks, there was warm applause, and Mr Ha and Mr Ri then answered questions from the floor. The following are some of the remarks made by them in the question and answer session:

Speaking about the allegations of famine in the DPRK, Mr Ha said that there were many rumours in the western mass media that 3 million people died during the famine. He said that while this was quite false, they are not hiding that there have been some problems and difficulties and shortages of food. He said that from 1994-5 there were consecutive natural disasters of flood and drought in all of the north of Korea. Therefore, he said, our agricultural production dropped rapidly. He mentioned the added factors of the economic sanctions and blockade by the Americans and that the socialist countries had collapsed. Before this calamity, the system in the DPRK had been that the government distributed food – mainly rice and corn – but with this situation they were not able to distribute the same proportion of food, and therefore some families suffered to get proper food and there were some difficulties. He said they had called this period "the arduous march" because the society lacked food and the economy lacked raw materials, especially lack of electricity. DPRK had suffered this period for five or six years he said, the hardest period in our nation’s history to date, but now we have overcome these difficulties, and food production has improved radically and there is no famine at this moment although there were still some food shortages. So they had appealed to the world to donate food to their country he said, and many bodies as the United Nations World Food Programme have donated large amounts of food and medicines, and many international organisations are operating in Pyongyang and helping us to provide the food. He said that the lack of food and protein affected some elderly people and some babies, possibly causing some deaths, but that 3 million people died, as the western media say, with starvation in the whole of the country, is simply not true.

He said that they don’t hide that this was a very difficult period for 10 years which they have now gradually overcome. From 2002 they have changed and improved their economic management introducing some farmer markets to the commodity market. They have given the initiative to the cooperative farms to farm more themselves so that the largest sector of the economy, the agricultural sector, is gradually improving. But, at the same time, they are still cooperating with other countries for assistance and sustainable development he concluded.

Asked about the geo-political situation and the aims of the US in the region Mr Ha said that the DPRK had lived with economic sanctions for over half a century. He said the US regards the Korean peninsula as of strategic importance to achieve American influence in this very important area because the Korean peninsula is surrounded with large countries. China has the largest population in the world, Japan is the second biggest economic power in the world and Russia is the biggest country in the world with regard to territory. With that, the Korean peninsula is in the middle of the three countries. He said that the US wants the Korean peninsula as their pro-American state to deter and to influence China, Russia and this area. He said they want the Korean peninsula as their own back yard. Therefore, he said, the US wants to create every day some nuclear issues, or on another day some allegations of human rights abuse as a way of provocation to keep their military presence in south Korea. So, he said, if there is no confrontation, if there is a peaceful situation there, then there is no justification or argument for the US to keep their military presence in south Korea. Of course, he said, the US is cooperating now with China and Russia but still China and Russia are their strategic enemy in the long term. So, the US wants to maintain its influence in this area but they want the Korean peninsula as their forward base.

Speaking further about the nuclear issue, Mr Ha said that because the US has declared the DPRK as a nuclear pre-targeted country, the question arises as to how the country can be defended from these huge military arsenals. He said they only accused Iraq of having weapons of mass destruction as an excuse to invade and occupy Iraq. Therefore the DPRK has already proclaimed that they have a nuclear deterrent.

Mr Ri then added that the nuclear issue is not the main issue for the US. The only issue for the US was to overthrow the socialist system in the DPRK in what they call regime change. He then went on to explain the evidence that the US provided themselves for this conclusion.

Asked a question about China, Mr Ha said they are their friendly neighbours and historically they have had good relations with China and Russia. He said that since Korea was liberated from Japanese colonial rule in 1945, China has supported Korea and we have supported China, and he went on to speak about their support in the 6-party talks.

Answering a question about unification, Mr Ha said that before 2000 there were bad feelings among the people of south Korea about the north because of the strong propaganda in south Korean media and newspapers and under the American influence for more than fifty years. However, since the historic meeting in Pyongyang and the North South Declaration there have been long talks with journalists of the south Korean newspapers and the realisation that the north Koreans are normal human beings! There have been dramatic changes in the opinions of the south Korean people. Mr Ha said that the Korean people have the same language and a common history and the realisation has been growing that we can now live peacefully together. He said that the south Koreans don’t want to give up their own political system and their own ideas. He said this was the same for the north Koreans. He explained that unification will only come about by creating a confederation of the two Koreas that respected the two political and economic systems.

He said that the economic cooperation between North and South was going well and there had been some close contact. He said that now tens of thousands of tourists were being sent to the DPRK. However, he warned that the Americans don’t want this to go well and have no intention to facilitate peaceful unification on the Korean peninsula.

Answering a question about the policy of the British government to use its diplomatic relations to demonise the DPRK as the "outpost of tyranny", Mr Ha said that it is true they want to have critical engagement with us. They have diplomatic relations with us, so why should this mean "critical" engagement? He said that they had sent many high-ranking delegations from their side to visit Britain to promote diplomatic relations – the Speaker had visited Britain, the Deputy Foreign Minister had visited three times, as well as the Prime Minister. From the UK side, only the Minister of State in the last year had for the first time visited the DPRK to discuss a number of issues, but especially he made a great show of concern about alleged human rights abuse.

Mr Ha said that it is completely unfair that Britain, or other visiting countries, with to force them to follow the agenda and example of the western world. He said each country is a sovereign state, and has its own system and its own traditions. How can they follow a British standard and or allow Britain to regulate such things? He said that each country has its own sovereign right to make people more free and give people more democracy and realise more harmony in society in its own way. He said all systems and rules and regulations emerge from the people’s desire and intentions and their traditions. Mr Ha said that these visitors don’t care what our people think, what their country’s situation is but only they see the human rights situation in Korea with their own views and their own standards. Mr Ha said this is a blind policy. He said they must see it in the context of historical background and cultural traditions.

He said that Korea is divided between North and South and always threatened and pressured from the American side, creating a dangerous situation. The DPRK cannot only give the individual rights and freedom but must think first of the society, first of the state and then individual interests. They are facing the threat of nuclear war from the US, so how can they say that there should be only individual freedom? He said the individual interest should be combined with the state survival because without the state how can individual people make themselves exist freely if their country becomes a colony again. Mr Ha said that under Japanese colonial rule we cannot say anything of human rights at that time because the people were oppressed by the Japanese. He said they don’t look at the rights and freedoms that exist now in the DPRK, but say that there are no political rights and freedoms. They do not look at the historical background and our political situation, he said. He said we must put the national interest first but must make all the society, all of the people more happy he concluded.

Following the question and answer session, the meeting concluded with warm applause from all of those present, and discussion continued with the Korean guests after the meeting and at the subsequent social event late into the evening. Many people expressed their desire to step up the work to further build the solidarity and friendship movement with the DPRK and the people of Korea and to oppose the activities of the US and Britain to try and isolate the DPRK and the open threats of war and intervention against it by the US.

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Letter of RCPB(ML) to Kim Jong Il on the 15th Anniversary of the Adoption of the North-South Joint Declaration

June 15, 2005 (Juche 94)

 

Kim Jong Il
General Secretary Workers’ Party of Korea
Pyongyang

 

Dear Comrade Kim Jong Il,

On behalf of our Central Committee and entire Party, I should like to convey to you the warmest congratulations on the occasion of the Fifth Anniversary of the historic June 15 North-South Joint Declaration, which opened a new era in relations between the people in the north and south of Korea. We would like to express our firm solidarity with the entire Korean people, who desire above all else the reunification of their homeland and the end of tension and the danger of war on the Korean peninsula.

The Joint Declaration of June 15, 2000, remains the way forward for the Korean people themselves to reunify their country, being a tremendous blow to the schemes of Anglo-US imperialism to keep the Korean nation divided. It was a vindication of your far-sighted stand on the reunification of the one Korea, advancing further along the road laid down by great leader Kim Il Sung. The reunification movement has now further developed, opening the way for independent, peaceful reunification with national co-operation, under the principle "By the nation itself".

These are very dangerous times for the DPRK and the peoples of the entire world. US imperialism, closely abetted by the British government, has shown itself to be the worst violator of human rights in its quest for global hegemony and would even like to deny the Korean nation its right to exist. It is using brinkmanship and disinformation concerning the "nuclear issue", while the British government spreads disinformation and distrust concerning the "human rights issue". It is engaged in an arms build-up in south Korea, escalating tension on the Korean peninsula.

Even in the face of such provocations, the Korean people have continued their advances. This is a cause for celebration and optimism and we wish all the Korean people success in the implementation of the Joint Declaration. We assure our comrades in the DPRK and the Korean people that we fight shoulder to shoulder with them in their struggles now and in the future also.

With warmest fraternal regards,

 

Chris Coleman

National Spokesperson

RCPB(ML)

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Letter of RCPB(ML) to Kim Jong Il on the 41st Anniversary of the Start of His Work at the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea

June 19, 2005 (Juche 94)

 

Kim Jong Il
General Secretary Workers’ Party of Korea
Pyongyang

 

Dear Comrade Kim Jong Il,

On behalf of our Central Committee and our entire Party, it is my honour to send to you warmest congratulations and heartfelt best wishes on the important occasion of the 41st anniversary of the start of your work at the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea. We assess that over the past 41 years of the 60-year-long glorious history of the WPK, you have set a brilliant example in the work of building a revolutionary party, making contributions with your outstanding ideas and personal leadership despite all the challenges that history has thrown down in this period.

To be steadfast and courageous as a leader and yet unite the whole nation as one in advancing against all difficulties has been an indelible characteristic of your leadership. The Workers’ Party of Korea is imbued with the humanity and concern for the whole society which you have embodied, and which serves to unite the people around the cause of independence and socialism, in contrast to the bestiality and brutality of imperialism which stands for war and reaction, and which is arousing the opposition of the whole of progressive humanity. It is an immense testament to your qualities that you have worked so unstintingly in the bosom of the Central Committee of the WPK for these 41 years.

On this occasion, as always, you have our full support for your policies, which stand as a bulwark against the rapacious quest of the international monopolies to impose their rule on the whole world and plunge the world’s people into catastrophe. We stand as ever shoulder to shoulder with you in our common cause for socialism, the only future for humankind.

With warmest fraternal regards,

 

Chris Coleman

National Spokesperson

Central Committee

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KCNA Condemns US Attempt at "Regime Change" in DPRK

Very disturbing moves are observed among the ruling circles of the United States these days, the Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) writes on June 7. The KCNA points out that it is the position of the US to topple the system in the DPRK by force. It attaches more importance to war than to dialogue and considers dialogue as leverage for getting time to execute a war, KCNA says.

The commentary continues: "The loudmouthed US calls for a negotiated settlement of the nuclear issue are nothing but a smokescreen for concealing its strategy to stifle the DPRK by force of arms.

"What merits a serious attention is that such outbursts are timed to coincide with the US moves to escalate tension on the Korean Peninsula.

"The new US reckless war scenarios such as ‘CONPLAN 8022-02’ have already been drafted for mounting a pre-emptive nuclear attack on the DPRK any moment and its ‘arms build-up plan’ calling for spending 13 billion US dollars is being pushed ahead to its final stage."

KCNA concludes: "The reality goes to prove that the US military plan to realise a ‘regime change’ in the DPRK is being put into practice and that it is opting for confrontation and war, not dialogue.

"It is a wild dream for the US to try to bring down the inviolable system in the DPRK. The system in the DPRK is a human-centred socialist system which the Koreans value as their life and soul as it was chosen by themselves and built by their own efforts.

"The reckless US moves aimed at a ‘regime change’ in the DPRK only harden the determination of its servicepersons and people to steadfastly keep to the road of socialism."

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