Workers' Weekly On-Line
Volume 50 Number 42, November 21, 2020 ARCHIVE HOME JBCENTRE SUBSCRIBE

Students Fight for their Right to Education:

Manchester Students Step Up Fight

Workers' Weekly Internet Edition: Article Index : ShareThis

Students Fight for their Right to Education: Manchester Students Step Up Fight

Coronavirus Pandemic:
The British Medical Journal Speaks Out on Corruption and Suppression of Science

Building for Wellbeing, for a Sustainable New Whipps Cross Hospital:
Sustainability Action for Whipps public meeting on-line

No Increase in Military Spending!

A Matter of International Concern:
The Crisis in Ethiopia

Cuba Solidarity Campaign:
CSC joined by Cuban Ambassador to the US in Online Meeting

Undercover Policing Inquiry

Students Fight for their Right to Education:

Manchester Students Step Up Fight

Students have responded to the assault on their right to education by the government and university authorities, as they have been treated as incidental and collateral damage in the Covid-19 pandemic. As if the fiasco over A-Level results and the consequent shambles in university selection were not enough, students have been enticed into attending the universities they have been allocated only to face draconian lockdowns at halls of residence at a number of universities. Their enforced isolation has been accompanied by online tuition only. The situation has highlighted once again the incoherence of the government's guidelines, which play fast and loose with the human factor and come as executive decisions without the involvement of the people or the professionals concerned.

Manchester University is a case in point, where since November 12, students have been occupying a disused 19-storey tower block at Owen's Park halls of residence in Fallowfield.

The occupation was begun with the aim of forcing a meeting with the university's Vice Chancellor, Nancy Rothwell. "We will not leave this building until the university of Manchester agrees to meet our demands, and takes student safeguarding seriously," a spokesperson for the occupiers said. "Students have been scapegoated for this crisis, blamed for rising cases and even fenced in their halls, all because the university of Manchester wanted us to pay the extortionate tuition and accommodation fees. This cannot go on, and we will continue protesting until we are listened to."

This is the latest development in action currently being taken by students at the University of Manchester over accommodation standards and expenses, tuition fees, the available learning facilities, and support for health and wellbeing, under distancing and lockdown conditions.

The occupation comes in addition to a rent strike that began on October 5, demanding a reduction in rents and changes to tenancy agreements to provide a no-penalty break clause, along with better support for students in halls.

The approach of the university has been characterised by imposition without the engagement of students in any decision-making. The tipping point was the erection overnight of a fence around the halls on the day England entered its current national lockdown. The halls were fenced off without warning or reason given - later justified by the Vice-Chancellor as there to prevent non-residents accessing the area. Parts were pulled down in protest and the fence was removed the following day. The university has since launched an internal inquiry into the decision erect the fence and the "poor communication" surrounding it.

Students are raising concerns about the cost of rents, the fewer facilities currently available due to virus, and the need for better mental health support. An occupying student tweeted: "We've tried protests, we've withheld our rent and we're being ignored! So, we're occupying the tower until they respond to us!"

The students also launched a petition calling for a partial refund of tuition fees. Those charged by Manchester are £9,250 per year. After recording over 200,000 signatures, the petition was debated in Parliament on November 16.

Labour MP Chris Evans accused the government of having "greatly mistreated" students. "Blame for the rise in Covid cases, locked in accommodation in new cities with no support network, and not receiving the teaching they have paid for," he said. "The government's lack of engagement with these issues is severely damaging."

Replying to the petition, the Government simply said: "Higher education providers must deliver high-quality courses. If students are unhappy, they should first complain to their provider, or the Office of the Independent Adjudicator for Higher Education."

For its part, the Department for Education stated, with what presumably were meant to be soothing words: "We understand this has been a very difficult time for students, which is why we have prioritised their education and wellbeing from the start of this pandemic, by supporting universities to provide a blend of online and in-person learning in a Covid-secure way." Universities "should ensure all students, regardless of their background, have the resources they need to study remotely."

In attempting to justify the University of Manchester's position and shift blame to the students, a university spokesperson said: "We are aware of the protest by a handful of students in an empty residential building. We have made it clear to them that they shouldn't be there and that they may also be in contravention of current national Health Protection Regulations. We are already engaging with elected Students' Union representatives about many of the issues being highlighted by the protesters. The University is fully committed to freedom of expression."

The stand of the Manchester students has gained wide support. Jo Grady, General Secretary of the University and College Union, said: "We stand in solidarity with students, who are forced to see themselves as consumers - and are not getting what they thought they were paying for." She added: "You cannot simply cut off funding for universities during a pandemic so any reduction in tuition fees or refunds would need to be made up by the government."

National Union for Students President Larissa Kennedy said: "You only have to look around to see that of course students have been mistreated by the government. We've been consistently ignored, and when we're not ignored, we've been scapegoated as responsible for the second wave. It's no wonder students are angry: we're seeing a new wave of rent strikes, occupations and action."

The university has since announced "a reduction in rent, more flexible accommodation contracts, and increased study spaces". This rent reduction amounts to just 5%, and has been rejected by students, who have pledged to continue their occupations and strikes in January. Furthermore, the university response does not take into account the involvement of students in resolving their concerns. It certainly does not reflect a concern for the overall right of students to a worthwhile education. Nor, it may be added, does it show any recognition of the extra burdens facing lecturers in their role in the pandemic.

The context of the actions taken by these students is one where the approach taken by the government has been to "balance the risks and benefits", within which universities were reopened as a second wave was beginning to develop, with students marginalised and treated as a source of rent and tuition fee revenue. The resulting situation is one of serious Covid-19 spikes within the accommodation blocks where students are living and studying, largely online. These students are currently getting few of the benefits and all of the risks.

Education is not in fact a matter of balance, but a right that governments must guarantee whatever the circumstances. With the overall aim being the well-being of the people, of which education is a vital component part, an approach can be found that allows students and universities to contribute to stopping, rather than spreading, the virus.

It is the government, which refuses to engage with lecturers and their unions, or to put the well-being of staff and students as the guiding principle of their actions, and which makes everything an issue simply of law and order, that is irresponsible. The solution lies in consciously mobilising students, staff, and those in the surrounding communities, so that they are empowered to work out collectively how to provide and receive education, to look after each others' needs so that none are left to fend for themselves, in a manner that guarantees their mutual well-being and the health and safety of all.

(The Independent, The Manchester Tab, Mancunion, People's Assembly)

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Article Index

Coronavirus Pandemic

The British Medical Journal Speaks Out on Corruption and Suppression of Science

On November 13, the British Medical Journal (BMJ) published an editorial entitled [1] "Covid-19: politicisation, 'corruption,' and suppression of science". The BMJ points out that when politicians and governments suppress science people die. The editorial also summarised their analysis saying, "Science is being suppressed for political and financial gain. Covid-19 has unleashed state corruption on a grand scale, and it is harmful to public health. Politicians and industry are responsible for this opportunistic embezzlement." The editorial also states that so too are "scientists and health experts", that can be "manipulated in an emergency - a time when it is even more important to safeguard science".

The editorial recalls that the membership, research, and deliberations of the Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies (SAGE) were secret until a press leak revealed "inappropriate involvement of government advisers in SAGE, while exposing under-representation from public health, clinical care, women, and ethnic minorities". It also recalls that publication of a Public Health England report on Covid-19 and inequalities "was delayed by England's Department of Health; a section on ethnic minorities was initially withheld and then, following a public outcry, was published as part of a follow-up report. Authors from Public Health England were instructed not to talk to the media."

It also highlights the blocking of vital research papers. On October 15, the editor of the Lancet complained that an author of a research paper, a British government scientist, was blocked by the government from speaking to media because of a "difficult political landscape".

Speaking of the current situation, the editorial censures the suppression of science in the leaked documents on the Prime Minister's secret "Operation Moonshot" [2], which is the government's newly proposed Covid-19 mass testing scheme. The plan involves an expansion of testing from the current hundreds of thousands of tests each day to 10 million a day by early 2021. This depends on the what the BMJ article argues as the "questionable logic of mass screening". In other words, there is no serious discussion on mass screening itself, which would signal a major change in strategy from the current focus on test and trace [3]; it appears that it would just be imposed and contracts handed out. Mass screening, it says, is "currently being trialled in Liverpool with a suboptimal PCR [4] (Present Covid-19) test". The situation is that for the last two weeks, mass screening in Liverpool has been using a pilot "lateral flow test" [5], contracted to Innova, which has given vastly different results. A more recent article [6] in the BMJ points out: "Independent evaluations for the World Health Organisation have shown that other lateral flow antigen tests are likely to outperform Innova, but even those do not have high enough sensitivity to rule out Covid-19. The Innova test is certainly not fit for use for this purpose."

The editorial expressed condemnation to this rapid awarding of contracts by the government with no transparency. The BMJ published new research [7] last week which also "finds that the government procured an antibody test that in real world tests falls well short of the performance claims made by its manufacturers. Researchers from Public Health England and collaborating institutions sensibly pushed to publish their study findings before the government committed to buying a million of these tests, but they were blocked by the Department of Health and the Prime Minister's Office. Why was it important to procure this product without due scrutiny? Prior publication of research on a preprint server or a government website is compatible with the BMJ's publication policy. As if to prove a point, Public Health England then unsuccessfully attempted to block the BMJ's press release about the research paper."

The BMJ editorial draws the conclusion: "The UK's pandemic response relies too heavily on scientists and other government appointees with worrying competing interests, including shareholdings in companies that manufacture Covid-19 diagnostic tests, treatments, and vaccines. Government appointees are able to ignore or cherry pick science - another form of misuse - and indulge in anti-competitive practices that favour their own products and those of friends and associates." All with the aim of justifying the decisions of ministers and policies of the government's inner circle, where vested interests are defended rather than a scientific summation being sought of the facts and trends, what they are revealing and what needs to be done. The editorial concludes: "Politicisation of science was enthusiastically deployed by some of history's worst autocrats and dictators, and it is now regrettably commonplace in democracies... And, as the powerful become more successful, richer, and further intoxicated with power, the inconvenient truths of science are suppressed. When good science is suppressed, people die."

The BMJ editorial on the politicisation, corruption and suppression of science reflects that more and more professionals and people as a whole are speaking out against the crisis in science and the attempts at its corruption and suppression in the service of the vested interests of the rich to justify measures that those interests dictate. This whole direction for society in response to the coronavirus pandemic is becoming even more dangerous to the lives and wellbeing of all. This opposition reflects the striving of the people for a human-centred system that adopts an enlightened stance towards natural and social science.


1. Covid-19: politicisation, "corruption," and suppression of science - The BMJ November 13 2020

2. Operation Moonshot: What do the leaked documents say? - The BMJ September 11 2020

3. Briefing on Operation Moonshot screening for SARS-CoV-2. Allyson Pollock 15 November 2020
4. PCR - The Polymerase Chain Reaction standard Covid-19 test which is being used everywhere is described by The BMJ as suboptimal because it has uses elsewhere but never before in mass testing. Considerable false positive results make it unsuitable for mass testing. The privatised testing has made this worse, due to untrained staff, poor handling of samples, etc., and more than £12 billion has been handed over this year to private companies in test and trace contracts.
Dispatches Channel 4 November 16

5. Lateral Flow Tests are rapid turnaround tests that can process Covid-19 samples on site without the need for laboratory equipment, with most generating results in under half an hour. These new tests contracted to Innova are being piloted across England, including a two-week whole-city pilot in Liverpool, which was launched two weeks ago.

6. Covid-19: Innova lateral flow test is not fit for "test and release" strategy, say experts - The BMJ November 17 2020

7. Mulchandani R, Jones HE, Taylor-Phillips S, et al., EDSAB-HOME and COMPARE Investigators. Accuracy of UK Rapid Test Consortium (UK-RTC) "AbC-19 Rapid Test" for detection of previous SARS-CoV-2 infection in key workers: test accuracy study.- The BMJ November 11 2020
Conclusions: In summary, we found evidence that the sensitivity of the AbC-19 test is lower among populations with unknown previous infection status than among PCR confirmed cases of SARS-CoV-2. This highlights the scope for overestimation of SARS-CoV-2 antibody test sensitivity in other studies, in which sensitivity has been estimated from only PCR confirmed cases. Assuming a prevalence of 10% for previous SARS-CoV-2 infection, and that the performance observed in this laboratory study can be reproduced in field use, our findings suggest that around one in five key workers testing positive with the AbC-19 assay would be false positives.
Gill D, Ponsford MJ. Testing for antibodies to SARS-CoV-2. BMJ2020;371:m4288. doi:10.1136/bmj.m4288 - The BMJ November 11 2020
Conclusions: The study by Mulchandani and colleagues identifies notable limitations of the UK government's antibody test of choice and provides good evidence that its specificity in a "real life" setting is highly unlikely to be 100%. Apart from limited surveillance to estimate the proportion of a population that has been infected, widespread use of this assay in any other role could risk considerable harm.

Article Index

Building for Wellbeing, for a Sustainable New Whipps Cross Hospital

Sustainability Action for Whipps public meeting on-line

Tuesday, 24 November 2020

19:00 - 21:00 GMT

About this Event

As the design for new Whipps Cross Hospital starts to take shape, we are opening a discussion on sustainability and wellbeing, with some speakers at the forefront of their fields. Our aim is to inform and influence our new hospital and the site-wide development to be the best our generation can give to the future, and to inspire our whole community towards sustainability.


Dr Nadia Audhali - Whipps Cross Hospital Paediatric Doctor, Clean Air Champion - introducing the evening with why the Climate Crisis is a Health Crisis

Dr Roopa Jaiswal - London GP, Lifestyle Medicine Physician, Regional Director (London) BSLM will explain how the environment and behaviours can determine our health

Julie Godefroy - Technical Manager, Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE) is author of CIBSE's technical guidance on health and wellbeing in building services and will explain how a building's design affects our wellbeing

Carey Newson - Centre for Sustainable Healthcare on their new research into the value of green space at NHS sites for staff wellbeing.

Paul Bell of Ryder Architecture - Lead Architect for the New Whipps Cross Hospital design team

Discussion and questions


Sustainability Action for Whipps is a community group formed by local residents and health staff who want to ensure that the new hospital will be net zero-carbon and of the highest standard in sustainability and wellbeing. In association with Action4Whipps.

Article Index


No Increase in Military Spending!

Stop the War Coalition

In the face of the greatest crisis since the Second World War, Boris Johnson has chosen to prioritise military spending over the biggest threat to safety and security for people in Britain right now, which is undoubtedly COVID-19.

The £16.5 billion increase means that the UK is by far and away Europe's biggest military spender at a time when it has the highest COVID-19 death toll across the continent due to the government's pitiful response.

With a crisis in social care and hospitals cancelling essential operations due to under-funding your government must prioritise the health of the population over increases to our military's offensive capacity.

We believe the effort to save people's lives and care for people in a crisis should have priority over new technologies of mass killing. Over the coming weeks we'll be campaigning as hard as we can to maximise opposition to this ludicrous increase in military spending.

For starters please propose our model resolution [1] at your local Trade Union or Party branch and sign the petition below [2] calling for the government to halt the increase and invest in the public services this country so desperately relies on.



Article Index

A Matter of International Concern

The Crisis in Ethiopia

Downing Street protest of Ethopian women against Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and state violence in Oromo.

People and organisations across the world have expressed grave concerns about the actions of the Federal Government of Ethiopia, which has embarked on a military campaign against the Government of the Regional National State of Tigray, one of ten regional states in Ethiopia, led by the Tigray Peoples Liberation Front (TPLF). The African Union, the UN and many others have called for a ceasefire, following reports that hundreds have been killed in fighting and some 30,000 people have been forced to flee as refugees to the neighbouring country of Sudan.

The growing conflict has led to particular concerns because the Federal Government is preventing access to Tigray and appears to have suspended phone, internet and power in the region, although it claims that the this has been undertaken by the TPLF. Both sides have accused the other of attacks on civilians, but there have also been reports that the Federal Government is arresting and persecuting those of Tigrayan nationality throughout Ethiopia. The Federal Government has also issued arrest warrants for many of the leaders of Tigray and the TPLF.

Although the Federal Government is evidently waging its attacks with air and land forces, there have also been some reports that other countries, including Eritrea and the UAE, are assisting its assault by supplying troops, as well as carrying out missile and drone attacks. The TPLF has also fired missiles, which it claims are in self-defence, some of which have reportedly hit targets in Eritrea. The growing conflict therefore has the potential to envelope neighbouring counties and to destabilise the entire region. The speed and manner in which the conflict has unfolded pose many questions, not least why in the 21st century it is necessary for any government, let alone one headed by the recipient of a Nobel Peace prize, to declare war on those in its own country?

According to the Federal Government, it "is compelled to undertake a law enforcement operation to defend and protect the constitutional order and uphold the rule of law." This is apparently because the "TPLF clique" were "determined to trigger an armed conflict by attacking the northern command of the federal armed forces stationed in the Tigray region." This attack was alleged to have taken place on November 4 2020 and is denied by the TPLF.

The second major reason given by the Federal government for its military "law enforcement operation" is that "in a blunt violation of the Constitution, TPLF adopted its own illegal electoral law, an illegal electoral commission and conducted an illegal election in which it won all the seats in the Regional Council." The Government of the Regional National State of Tigray held elections in September of this year, arguing that it was abiding by Ethiopia's constitution, as well as the constitution of Tigray. It argued that the people of Tigray had the democratic right to elect their government, even during the pandemic. It contrasted its approach with that of the Federal Government and of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed's Prosperity Party, which had never stood in an election, nor been elected to office. The TPLF, for its part, maintains that the postponement of Ethiopia-wide elections in 2020, ostensibly because of the pandemic, was unconstitutional.

The question of the rights of the people, whether to elect their own government or to exercise the right of self-determination as nations, therefore seems to be at the heart of the current military conflict. It must also be recalled that it was mainly the struggles by the TPLF and its allies in the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) that led, in 1991, to the overthrow of the dictatorial military government in power in Ethiopia at the time. Those struggles ushered in a new era in Ethiopia's history, which produced the first ever elections and in 1995, after countrywide consultations with the entire population, a new Ethiopian constitution [1]. That new constitution was unique in many respects, and not only in the African context. For example, Article 38 of that constitution declares that every Ethiopian has the right to vote and be elected to office. Article 39 of the constitution refers very specifically to the rights of nations to self-determination, an iss ue of enormous importance in Ethiopia, a country of over eighty nations and nationalities, where hitherto such rights had been denied. Article 39 included the following provisions:

1. Every Nation, Nationality and People in Ethiopia has an unconditional right to self-determination, including the right to secession.

2. Every Nation, Nationality and People in Ethiopia has the right to speak, to write and to develop its own language; to express, to develop and to promote its culture; and to preserve its history.

3. Every Nation, Nationality and People in Ethiopia has the right to a full measure of self-government which includes the right to establish institutions of government in the territory that it inhabits and to equitable representation in state and Federal governments.

The constitution also includes the right to secession of every "Nation, Nationality and People" in certain circumstances. It explains that "A 'Nation, Nationality or People' for the purpose of this Constitution, is a group of people who have or share large measure of a common culture or similar customs, mutual intelligibility of language, belief in a common or related identities, a common psychological make-up, and who inhabit an identifiable, predominantly contiguous territory."

There is some evidence to suggest that the current Federal Government and prime minister of Ethiopia are less than enthusiastic about these aspects of a constitution decided by the deliberations of the Ethiopian people themselves. This certainly seems to be the view of other organisations in Ethiopia, such as the newly formed Ethiopian Multinational Federalist Support Forum, which has condemned the state violence that has plagued the country in the past two years, and that has been especially evident in other national regional states such as Oromia and the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region. It has led many to draw the conclusion that the Federal Government is attacking all those who uphold the rights of nations, whatever their nationality. However, at present it appears to be particularly targeting Tigrayans - even, without evidence, levelling accusation against Tedros Adhanos Ghebreyesus, the Tigrayan director-general of the World Health Organisation.

What is clear is that the people of Tigray are being collectively punished by military might in an attempt to deny them rights that they and other Ethiopians have given their lives to guarantee. In this context there can be no justification for further conflict and the loss of life in Ethiopia, which has already created the conditions for foreign intervention in the country and has led for calls for further intervention, most notably from the United States. It is a time for cool heads but also for the people of Ethiopia to become the decision-makers in all matters regarding their country's destiny.

1. Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

Article Index

Cuba Solidarity Campaign

CSC joined by Cuban Ambassador to the US in Online Meeting

From left to right: Cuban Ambassador to the UK Her Excellency Bárbara Montalvo Álvarez, Cuban Ambassador to the United States José Ramón Cabañas, Navendu Mishra MP, Rob Miller Cuba Solidarity Campaign Director and Paula Barker MP

On November 9, the Cuba Solidarity Campaign continued its programme of online meetings by hosting the Cuban Ambassador to the United States, José Ramón Cabañas, in a special discussion following the election of President-elect Joe Biden. Accompanying Ambassador Cabañas for the online meeting "Responses to the US election - what now for Cuba?" were British Labour MPs Paula Barker and Navendu Mishra.

Over 300 people across both Zoom and YouTube joined the discussion live in what was another successful meeting in the series.

Ambassador Cabañas spoke on a number of issues including the changes in US policy from Obama to Trump, the scope for improved Cuba-US relations over the next four years, and the impact of the Cuban-American vote in Florida and elsewhere in the US.

When asked about the prospect of improved relations under President-elect Joe Biden, Cabañas said "Every Cuban is optimistic... but our foreign policy is not tailored depending on who is elected, we have one foreign policy and have told the previous 12 Presidents that we are always open to discuss differences."

CSC's campaign to award Cuba's Henry Reeve International Medical Brigade the Nobel Peace Prize is well underway and is gaining a lot of traction. With over 6,000 signatures on the petition, MPs and academics have started formally submitting nominations to the Nobel Committee.

Paula Barker MP said, "I'm delighted and proud to have been able to Cuba's Henry Reeve International Medical Brigade for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2021, for their contribution to provide medical assistance to countries that have been hit by COVID-19.

The discussion is available to watch on YouTube here:

To sign the open letter, go to:

(Cuba Solidarity Campaign News)

Article Index


Undercover Policing Inquiry

The Undercover Policing Inquiry with retired judge Sir John Mitting as chair has been in session from November 2. The judge-led public inquiry was launched six years ago by the Home Secretary at the time, Theresa May, after it was revealed how police had covertly monitored the campaign for justice over the racist murder of Stephen Lawrence. The inquiry has resumed by hearing evidence from the period 1968-1972, particularly on the infiltration by the state of the movement against the Vietnam War. Overall the inquiry is due to scrutinise the deployment of nearly 140 undercover officers who spied on more than 1,000 political groups across more than four decades. Our Party, RCPB(ML), and its forerunner organisations were among those targeted, with Party activists framed and sent to jail.

It is necessary to right the wrongs committed by the undercover agents, or "spycops". The answer to the question, "is this still happening" is on the agenda, as well as the demand that the impunity with which these officers acted be ended. It is of course notable that the Covert Human Intelligence Sources (Criminal Conduct) Bill [CHIS Bill, known as the "SpyCops Bill"] going through Parliament seeks to create special classes of defendants in domestic law in respect of whom the criminal law will not apply right at this time.

In these circumstances, the call is that injustices must be righted, and the opposition to the criminalisation of all those who fight for their rights and for justice must also be strengthened.

The Campaign Opposing Police Surveillance (COPS) is publishing daily and weekly reports of the proceedings of the Inquiry. Below we reproduce extracts from the first two weekly reports.

Weekly Report 1

2-6 November 2020

After five years of waiting, the Undercover Policing Inquiry finally got off the ground in earnest this week. This first round of hearings will be split in two parts. First, Opening Statements from all the core participants. Second will be actual evidence for the period 1968 to 1972.

The Opening Statements are a chance for the various parties to essentially lay out how they view things. They began with the Counsel to the Tribunal, David Barr QC, presenting a general overview of where we stand.

This was followed by barristers for police and those who were once in the world of police but are no longer. Finally came the non-state/police core participants, whose statements will continue into this coming week. In this report we will try to summarise what was a lot of material, and reflect upon the words of the lawyers.

Barr noted that much of what the spycops did during their deployment is already public knowledge:

Black Defence Committee demonstration Notting Hill against racist state attacks on the community, London 1970. The enquiry heard that the police found it difficult to infiltrate black power movements; a rather telling sign that they were lacking in Black police officers.

Despite acknowledging this, it is disappointing that Mr Barr failed to properly credit the activists. The women deceived into relationships were a fundamental part of exposing the spycops. The existence of this Inquiry is based on their work.

This phase will also look at various documents and hear evidence from 1968-1972. It does not cover the actions of spycops while outside England and Wales, despite them being active in around 20 other countries during their deployment.

There were also some surprising pieces of previously undisclosed information, and statements from people previously unheard from.

How and why was the Special Demonstration Squad set up?

Following the windows of the US Embassy being broken during an anti-Vietnam War demonstration in March 1968, Special Branch attempted to gather information on the next demo. Their usual tactics being unsuccessful, they created the Special Demonstration Squad (SDS) who went deep undercover, living as activists among various anti-war groups.

The next demo in October 1968 was less volatile, and this was taken as a sign of the new unit's success. Mr Barr has stressed that the Inquiry must decide not if it was successful, but if it was a necessary or disproportionate response.

The SDS rapidly widened its scope and began investigating subversion and demonstrations and disruptions of public order. Any organisation seeking social change could easily be said to be covered by their remit. By the early 1970s, the SDS was aiming to profile anyone 'within weeks' of first showing interest in 'extremist ideas'.

One of the police barristers, Oliver Sanders QC (representing 114 spycops, the majority of former and current undercovers), stated that the main function of the SDS was to assess public order threats. In the period currently being examined by the Inquiry, 1968-72, many of these came from political protests. Their secondary function was providing intelligence on 'subversion' to MI5.

What was the role of MI5 and the Home Office?

Huge demonstration against the Vietnam war, March 11 1968. Police charge demonstrators on horse back.

Since the story of the spycops surfaced, the events have been framed as the work of one rogue officer, then several rogue officers, then rogue units. Those higher up unfailingly point the finger at those lower down.

It is now clear that from the very beginning, the SDS was funded by the Home Office and reported to MI5.

Sanders provided new information:

Despite the Home Office directly funding the unit for over 20 years, a 2014 report commissioned on the link between the two institutions noted the key file was suspiciously missing. However, a lot of SDS reports have been retrieved for the Inquiry from copies sent to MI5.

How are the police lawyers attempting to portray the actions of the SDS?

It is now clear the various police lawyers are switching tactics and actually trying to justify the actions of the SDS. They describe the spycops as a benevolent and useful group, indispensable to the safety of the public, who only wanted political information so that demonstrations could be effectively policed.

Claim: Police never intend to harm anyone, including the women deceived into relationships

Peter Skelton QC, for the Metropolitan Police, told the Inquiry that the Met is 'aware of continuing anger and distress of victims of spycops'. He said the Met stands by its 2015 apology to women deceived into relationships by spycops (despite the fact that it still won't let women see their files, and is delaying civil claims by some of them).

Richard Whittam QC, representing a smaller group of undercovers and managers, also mentioned the apology naming such activity as 'abusive, deceitful, manipulative and wrong'. But, he said, spycops committing crime is essential for national security and the prevention and detection of other people committing crime. The apology should be seen 'in context', by which he seemed to mean it should be disregarded.

This echoed other police lawyers, who have implied that it was acceptable to abuse people because times were different then, and it was all done for the greater good.

Claim: Spycops are better than the alternative

Kevin Gately - circled - killed by police at this Red Lion Square anti-fascist protest, 1974.

Repeatedly, police noted that people have been killed on protests - citing two cases from the 1970s, Blair Peach and Kevin Gately - and there would be more death and injuries if it wasn't for the undercovers ensuring demos were policed properly.

Contemptuously, they failed to mention that Blair Peach and Kevin Gately actually both been killed by the police; Gately in 1974 on an anti-fascist protest organised by heavily spied-on groups, and Peach in 1979 as a member of the most spied-on group of all, The Socialist Workers Party, on an anti-racist protest.

Blair Peach Killed by police in 1979 on an anti-racist protest.

Discussing spycops stealing of dead children's identities, Sanders said that though it was regrettable, it was necessary to prevent risk of exposure. The alternative to spycops with stolen identities was paramilitary police on demonstrations, he said. This is a patently ridiculous excuse.

Claim: Intelligence must be gathered indiscriminately

Spied-upon groups which were newly named this week include Justice for Rhodesia, Croydon Libertarians, and the St Pancras & Camden United Tenants Association. This contrasts strongly with police insistence that spycops saved the public from violent riots, murder and mayhem by infiltrating these groups; that it was necessary to spy on people who were committing no crimes in order to get to the 'real criminals'.

The SDS essentially turned belonging to groups such as Hackney United Tenants Ad-Hoc Committee into a valid reason for the state to target you for surveillance. A report from 1973 gives the names of three people who had merely asked about the International Marxist Group.

They did, however, say they found it difficult to infiltrate black power movements; a rather telling sign that they were lacking in Black police officers.

Claim: Even though they're bad, we can't judge them because it was a long time ago

Essentially, police lawyers found various ways to say 'what the spycops did may have been bad but it was a long time ago, lessons have been learned, it's different now, nobody need lose their job or pension, move on, there's nothing to see here'.

This directly contradicts documents that make clear the government was aware from the very beginning that what they were doing was deeply unethical, and would cause public outrage if discovered. Even by the standards of 1968, the spycops' behaviour was blatantly immoral.

This refrain was accompanied by police barristers stating that other types of undercover work keep the public safe from paedophiles and terrorists. This is of little relevance to the activities of political secret police.

It ignores that the spycops of 2010 - long after the supposed new regulatory framework of the Human Rights Act, and Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act - were, if anything, committing even worse abuses than their 1968 counterparts.

The Inquiry also heard from representatives of the groups and individuals who were spied on

Families of the dead children whose identities were stolen

Mark Robert Robinson, one of the dead children whose identity was stolen by the police to name a spy cop.

The Inquiry recently informed 19 families that their dead children's identities were stolen by spycops. The Home Office Select Committee demanded in 2013 that affected families be told, yet the Met refused. Skelton conceded that the Met hadn't cared about the families of these children.

Sanders said this procedure was invented in an earlier time when people felt differently about death and risk (once again using the 'it was a long time ago' excuse), yet the practice continued until the 1990s.

Additionally, one family whose living child's identity was stolen has been informed.

Justice campaigns of grieving families, represented by Richard Parry and Jane Deighton

These were families in mourning who just wanted answers about what had happened to their loved ones so that they could have at least some closure; in many cases the parents and relatives of people who were barely more than children, and died violent deaths under traumatic circumstances.

Instead, their efforts were blocked and police were openly hostile to them and spycops infiltrated their campaigns for the truth. Police resources that should have been spent catching killers were instead spent on obstructing justice.

As a teenager in 1993, Duwayne Brooks survived a racist attack in which his best friend Stephen Lawrence was murdered. Brooks was spied upon in an attempt to discredit his evidence. He said this week that he won't testify unless he can see his whole police file first.

Skelton said the Met is 'grateful' for Duwayne Brooks' and Stephen's mother Doreen Lawrence's work.

Workers with trade unions and/or politically active workers who were blacklisted

Dave Smith one of the Blacklisted workers.

Reports show that trade unions were targeted and spied on from as far back as 1973. Yet, Sanders unequivocally stated that the SDS did not have any involvement in industrial blacklisting.

It did not target justice campaigns, members of parliament or trade unions directly, it was merely inevitable collateral collection while spying on other things, he claimed. These are lies, with 'collateral damage' as an excuse. Whether accidental or deliberate, it's still spying.

Dave Smith, a trade unionist and co-author of Blacklisted: The Secret War Between Big Business & Union Activists, was due to give evidence on Friday 9 November but was gagged by the Inquiry after a legal challenge to the content of his prepared statement.

Three wives (now ex-wives) of spycops, represented by Angus McCullough QC

For all but one of the wives of the undercover officers, it is the first time their words have been heard. In most cases they are now ex-wives, such was the stress their relationships were subjected to due to the activities of their husbands.

There can be no doubt that they were deceived and abused as badly as any other victim of the spycops. They were told that their husbands were gone for long periods in the interests of national security, not that they were on holiday in Thailand or Crete with women they'd manipulated into believing were the loves of their lives.

McCullough described how although they were vetted as support for their husbands, the wives and their children were offered no support during the periods of deployment. Nor were they years later, when the Met knew that the stories were about to hit the press and yet did not deign to warn them.

The officers themselves were flatly told that there would be very little support during deployment. They were given no prior warning of the psychological impact that going deep and long-term undercover would have on them. They received even less support than they'd been promised.

Skelton admitted the Met 'hasn't always understood' how to support the spycops officers. Their wives, all of whom are mothers with children to care for, were used by the SDS and the Met as free, unqualified, in-house emotional support and therapy for their officers.

Peter Francis, represented by David Lock QC

Peter Francis, the only spycop whistle-blower to have come forward, was an SDS officer from 1993-98.

This week he requested a cast-iron guarantee from the Metropolitan Commissioner of immunity to prosecution for information about spycops he revealed prior to the Inquiry starting. Under the Inquiry's terms, witnesses including Peter Francis cannot be prosecuted for anything that he says during the proceedings.

However, he could be charged under the Official Secrets Act for his previous public statements. His pension hangs in the balance, and he will not testify without absolute confirmation he will not be charged.

It should be obvious that without his evidence, this cannot be a properly informed inquiry. Under the current timetable, the Inquiry doesn't intend to take evidence from Francis until 2023.

People from a vast range of groups targeted for their political beliefs and activism, overwhelmingly from the left

By the Inquiry's own admission, over 1000 groups were spied upon (although Sanders and the police themselves now deny this).

This week, they revealed the previously unknown names of just 44 of them. This comes too late for members of those groups to ascertain which of their friends or intimate partners never really existed, let alone participate in their only current chance for some kind of justice.

New photos of SDS officers published

The Inquiry also published previously unseen photos of various officers. Only one was a spycop; the rest were mostly back office staff, apparently all at the same festive event in 1968.

People are excluded from the Inquiry, including core participants

Lawyers for the non-police side noted that without names and photos of spycops it is impossible to reach all the people who were their victims. It is grossly unjust that they will not be represented through the deliberate choice of the Inquiry to exclude them.

There are a great many people who, even though they know they were spied on and have come forward, will also be excluded. Another deliberate choice by the Inquiry is to refuse to livestream the proceedings.

After this week, the hearings will be conducted in secret. Despite that fact that secure livestreams have been set up due to Covid-19, only the text will be made available after the proceedings have finished.

As already stated, over five years into the Inquiry many victims still have no documents. Many more have no names or photographs that would answer otherwise impossible, unanswerable questions.

People giving evidence who were spied on during this time were only provided with relevant documents - a total of 5,263 pages - five weeks ago. Attempting to read all of them before the start is roughly equivalent to reading all of Lord of the Rings twice a week for five weeks straight.

No diversity, no understanding

The Inquiry's Chair, Sir John Mitting, is not just preventing the victims' access to full understanding, he's determined to prevent his own. From the very beginning, calls have been made for a diverse panel of people with relevant life experience to advise and guide the Inquiry. This is standard practice for other inquiries, yet Mitting refuses to follow precedent.

The goal of this Inquiry should be to unflinchingly and honestly deal with institutional sexism, racism, and attacks on workers' rights and the conditions of the disadvantaged. As an old white cis male Knight of the Realm who is a member of the men-only Garrick Club and finds the Macpherson definition of institutional racism 'controversial', comprehending these realities is beyond him.

As Ruth Brander, representing the Non Police/ State Core Participants, told him this week, 'With respect, the concern is you, sir'.

A wise and impartial man would ask for help. Instead, Mitting refuses the offer of information that would increase the chances of a fair conclusion to the proceedings.


Weekly Report 2

9-13 November 2020

After seven days of opening statements, and six years since it was first announced, the Undercover Policing Inquiry finally started taking evidence from witnesses this week.

This phase of the Inquiry concerned the earliest days of the Metropolitan Police's spycops unit, the Special Operations Squad (later called the Special Demonstration Squad), for the years 1968-72.

The week began with the final opening statements from the significantly affected people whom the Inquiry has designated 'core participants'.


Some came from the women deceived into relationships by officers, many of whom were directly responsible for the uncovering of the spycops who abused them. We touch on their accounts here, but cannot do full justice to these often harrowing stories.

On Wednesday, we heard from the very first witness, Tariq Ali. A 77-year old journalist, writer and broadcaster who has been politically active most of his life, Ali was spied on by many undercovers, right from the inception of the units in 1968 through to the 2000s. And for the first time we heard the undercovers themselves, with three sessions on the final two days from officers who were part of the unit when it was formed.

Given breadth of the hearings, in this report we will focus on bringing out the main themes and highlights of the week, rather than going into specific detail. All of the detailed daily reports can be found on our UCPI public inquiry page.


The opening statements heard this week powerfully repeated points those who were spied on have been arguing for years.

They put the case that in order to get to the truth, we need to know:

Another point reinforced was the demand, argued for years now, that the Inquiry's Chair, Sir John Mitting, urgently needs the assistance of an advisory panel, made up of people with more life experience and expertise than him. It is clear he lacks the understanding to investigate the institutional racism and sexism which lie at the heart of this scandal.

These initial problems with the Undercover Policing Inquiry, and more, are detailed in our report from last week.


Although this was already known about last week, the loss of public access to the live-streaming of the hearings from Wednesday morning has caused even more than the expected difficulties. A few things changed in light of protests from those attending, but there are still significant problems for those present and those prevented from attending.

There is considerable upset that people could only follow it properly by travelling to central London during a pandemic. However, Mitting is still flatly refusing to live-stream the whole thing on 'security grounds', even though other inquiries dealing with sensitive material, such as Grenfell and Manchester Arena, are live-streaming their hearings.

It's clear it's technically possible; it was done for the seven days of opening statements. Indeed, Mitting is still permitted his own personal live-stream, and two more are in the rooms provided for no more than 60 people to watch proceedings. The rest of the world had to deal with video of a live transcript of what was being said. One core participant trying to follow it described it as watching 'speeded up Ceefax'.


Another problem was that many of the documents being referred to were not shown, making it near impossible to follow some of the key details. The video feed couldn't be rewound to check things that had been said. If you missed something, that was it.

This led to outright anger from some of the media, as well as victims' lawyers. Journalists said it was making it impossible for them to report on issues. Many people trying to follow it from elsewhere were bitterly frustrated with how difficult it had become. These complaints resulted in some minor improvements such as a different video process and the documents being released on the same day.

The Inquiry video venue is also proving problematic for those attending; the two live-stream rooms are windowless and unventilated.


Another significant issue this week is Mitting's continuing refusal to let the real name of spycop 'Carlo Neri', which is Carlo Soracchi, be used in proceedings. This is on the application of his ex-wife.

Soracchi was deployed 2001-2006, infiltrating trade union, socialist and anti-fascist groups.

Mitting's ban on anyone saying his real name has affected two of the women he deceived into relationships, and the Blacklist Support Group (BSG).

As a result, Dave Smith of the BSG was unable to give his Opening Statement. This is despite the fact that Soracchi's name has been out in public for quite some time, reported in newspapers and on social media.


One of the most shocking facts to emerge this week is that many of the abuses, previously portrayed as the unsanctioned acts of rogue officers that were only perpetrated in recent years, have all been going on since the very beginnings of the Special Demonstration Squad (SDS). These include:


A repeated theme this week has entailed barristers for the Inquiry asking about the violent tendencies of protestors, and the protestors emphasising the peaceful nature of most of the groups and campaigns they were part of.

Back in October 1968, protestors were asked not to bring fireworks and marbles to the demonstration against the Vietnam War, let alone anything else. Tariq Ali edited left-wing magazine Black Dwarf which published an article titled 'Softly, Softly' which stressed that, to ensure the protestors' buses made it to the demonstration, nothing should be carried that could give the police cause to stop them.

A decade later, Ali was the Socialist Unity parliamentary candidate in Southall. During a confrontation between the National Front and anti-racists, local organisers put Ali in a safe house to keep him out of any trouble.

Police raided the house and the occupants, including Ali, were made to run a police gauntlet as they were ejected. Ali was truncheoned so severely that he passed out. The skull of the man he was with was fractured, leaving him in a coma for five months.

That was the same day, and in the same area, that Blair Peach - who we have already heard about in this Inquiry - was killed by the police. When the police unit responsible for killing Peach had its lockers searched, weapons found included a crowbar, metal cosh, whip handle, stock ship, brass handle, knives, American-style truncheons, a rhino whip and a pickaxe handle.

When considering which groups were the most violent and heavily armed, the police - with their arsenal of illegal weapons, aggressive attitude and fatal injuries - were clearly more of a threat than the activists.

Tariq Ali told the Inquiry in a written statement:

'my strong feeling is that this Inquiry is likely to be a monumental waste of time. This is because the direction of travel is clear from the questions - to dissect the politics of the victims of police spying, and therefore to turn the spotlight away from the actions of the police. This is the politics of "blame the victim".'



Undercover political policing's core traits of institutional racism and sexism aren't news to anyone who has been following this topic, but the more evidence is heard at the Inquiry, the more inescapably obvious it becomes.

Some of the most shocking testimony this week came from the women activists who were deceived into intimate and often long-term relationships by spycops.

Phillippa Kaufmann QC and Heather Williams QC spoke on behalf of over twenty of them; we cover this in detail in Monday's summary of events. Kaufmann's written statement gives further details of each woman's story, and we strongly recommend that you read it.

Kaufmann also highlighted how both opening statements last week by Counsel for the Inquiry and whistle-blower spycop Peter Francis severely understated the role the women have played in exposing the spycops scandal. It was the women who, in the aftermath of their 'loved one' disappearing, uncovered the truth. Their unflinching determination cannot be overlooked.

Trying to summarise their evidence in this report cannot do it justice. Many of their experiences, in their own words, are gathered on the Police Spies Out Of Lives site and should be read there.

On Tuesday, the leading focus was the targeting of Black family justice campaigns and groups. In particular, we heard from the barristers representing Doreen and Neville Lawrence, The Monitoring Group, and Mike Mansfield QC. The Inquiry was reminded again of how it has an uphill struggle to even convince these core participants that it is capable of preventing yet further injustice, let alone of tackling the issue of institutional racism.


Sir John Mitting, who is so sure of his own lack of bias that he's refused input from any perspective other than his own, has treated Rajiv Menon QC, barrister for the victims of spycops, very poorly.

As the very first police witness gave evidence, Menon wanted to ask a series of questions. Mitting was clearly unhappy with this, describing his own decision to permit Menon questions on a single issue as 'exceptional, and I do not propose to invite you to ask questions on any other topic'.

Menon tried to protest and explain why it was important for the non-police core participants, at which point Mitting's hostility became overt, telling Menon to obey or 'you will be silenced'.

On Wednesday, Menon questioned Tariq Ali about a closed meeting of the Stop the War Coalition steering committee in 2003. As the public were not allowed at this meeting, the report must have come from a committee member or a recording device.

Mitting's reaction to this simple statement was extraordinary: immediately and forcefully interrupting to warn Menon that the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 prohibits any reference to intercepting communications unless Mitting deems it necessary in advance. 'You will be committing an offence if you persist', he intoned. 'I would warn you not to'.

Menon, a barrister of 26 years' experience and well aware of the law, explained that he was talking about the committee being bugged by a recording device, rather than an interception of communications, and therefore, the Act doesn't apply. Mitting apologised, but it's clear that he is giving Menon very little credit, and even less chance to pursue vital lines of questioning.


Mitting's attitude and performance so far fall completely in line with the overarching theme that the State and the spycops are there to support each other in maintaining the norms and values of the current government.

Spying upon anyone who they wanted to spy on was not only justified, but good, simply because they did it. National security, public order, and the convenience of the government of the day were fully interchangeable concepts for them. Any intrusion was justified because every citizen is a potential subversive.

Joan Hillier said that personal details - dates of birth, home addresses, etc - of those not even suspected of anything untoward would be routinely added to Special Branch files 'in case it was needed in the future'.

By the spycops' own admission, their aims were hazy, their training ranged from the informal to the non-existent, and they often didn't feel like they accomplished anything.

On Thursday, Counsel to the Inquiry David Barr quoted from spycop John Graham's written statement on Special Branch's role regarding policing political groups:

'I understood the role of Special Branch to be carrying out enquiries concerning the security of the State, in other words gathering intelligence on activities that sought to undermine the status quo, the government of the day and the political establishment'.

The conflation of national security with the convenience and policy of the government has always been a central factor in what spycops do. This Inquiry is, thus far, no different from the spycops' operations.


There will be three more days of evidence from police (Monday, Wednesday and Thursday), with the possibility of unfinished things being heard on Tuesday and/or Friday.

After that, the Inquiry will take a break to assess what it's heard. It will be back next year for another batch of hearings covering the SDS 1973-82. That's currently expected to be around April 2021.

Hearings concerning the SDS 1983-1992 are expected in the first half of 2022, and those examining the SDS 1993-2007 are likely to take place in the first half of 2023.

Some time later there'll be hearings on the National Public Order Intelligence Unit 1999-2011, then other undercover policing, then mid and senior rank officers, other agencies and government departments.

The Undercover Policing Inquiry has no set end-date, but is expected to perhaps conclude around 2026.

For full daily and weekly reports, see the COPS UCPI Public Inquiry page:

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